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A pictorial history of the therapeutic use of poo.

This 15-image gallery explores some of the people, treatments and diseases relating to faecal transplants through history.

  • Clostridium difficile is a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea.

    David Goulding, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute/Wellcome Images


  • Ge Hong, a fourth-century Chinese physician. Woodcut by Gan Bozong. 

    Wellcome Library

  • Anatomy of the large intestine. Chinese woodcut, 1537.

    Wellcome Library

  • Seventeenth-century Italian anatomist Girolamo Fabrizio (aka Hieronymus Fabricius of Aquapendente). Lithograph by P R Vignéron.

    Wellcome Library

  • Christian Franz Paullini. Line engraving.

    Wellcome Library

  • A man with cholera experimenting with remedies. By Robert Cruikshank, 1832.

    Wellcome Library

  • ‘The ascending douche’. An engraving from ‘The water cure illustrated’, 1869.

    Wellcome Library

  • Colonic tissue from a patient with perforation of the colon caused by amoebiasis infection.

    Wellcome Images

  • A diarrhoea-causing pathogen infecting the colon.

    S Schuller/Wellcome Images

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